What is Computer Programming?
Programming is the process by which a set of instructions has produced a computer to perform some specific activity. The activity may be instruction, which tells the computer what to do and how to do or a production of a student result sheet or solution of a complex mathematical problem. In other words, efforts involved to convert the simple program into computer language is called programming.
What is a program?
The program is a list of instruction that the computer must follow in order to process date into information.
The program is a sequence of instructions and statements in a computer language, which tells the computer what to do, how to do and when to do.
Programming steps or developing the programming steps.
- Clarify the problem/Define the problem.
- Design a solution/Develop an algorithm.
- Code the program.
- Test the program.
- Document and maintain the program/Documentation.
- Program implementation.
The first step in developing a program is to define the problem (studying the problem and identifying inputs and outputs and also preparing specifications) and analysis of the problem.
The second step is to design the problem solution.( developing the algorithm for the solution does this designing of problem solution) and an algorithm is an order of directions that tells how to solve a particular problem. After using designing does that designing tools as the flowchart (A flowchart is a block diagram representing the structure of the program mentioned n the form of the algorithm.).
The third step in developing a program is to code the program that is writing the program in an appropriate programming language.
The fourth step is to test the program debugging the program (debugging means removing errors from the program).
The fifth step is to prepare documentation of the program.
The six and last step in program development is the implementation. Once the program is completed it needs to be implemented installed on the computer and made to work properly.