The internet is a huge interconnection of computer networks included of millions of computing devices. Here is the list of Internet Terms relating to the Internet, web, and www. The understanding of basic Internet terms is bound to be helpful in learning the computer.
let’s start Internet Terms one by one.
· Article. A message in an Internet newsgroup. Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· Back bone. A network through which other networks are connected.
· Baud rate. A measurement of how quickly a modem transfers data.
· Bits per second. A measure of the speed of data transmission; the number of bits of data can be transmitted each second.
· Bulletin board system. A computer system to which other computers can connect so their users can read all leave messages, or retrieve and leave files.
· Chat. A system by which two user can “talk” with each other by typing; what you see, the other person sees almost instantly and vice versa. (this is unlike e-mail, in which you send your words, and wait for the recipient to read and respond). Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· Client. A program or computer that is “serviced: by another program or computer (the server). For instance , a Gopher client program requests information from the indexes of a Gopher server program.
· Compressed file. Computer files that have been reduced in size by a compression program. Such programs are available for all computer systems (for example PKZIP in DOS, tar and compress in UNIX, and Stuffit for the Macintosh).
· CompuServe. A computer information service owned by H&R Block. CompuServe is part of the Internet net work (though few CompuServe users realize this).
· Cyberspace. The “area” in which computer users travel when “navigating: on a network.
· DDN. The defense Data network . A U.S. military network that is part of the Internet. MILNET is part of the DDN.
· Dedicated line. A telephone line that is leased from the telephone company and used for one purpose only. In Internet-land, dedicated lines connect organizations to service provider’s computers, providing dedicated service.
· Domain name. A name given to a host computer on the internet.
· Download. The process of transferring information from one computer to another. You download a file from another computer to yours. Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· E-mail or email. Short for electronic mail, this is a system that lets people send and receive messages with their computers. The system might be on a large network (such as the Internet). On a bulletin board (such as CompuServe). Or over a company’s own office network. Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· Text. Electronic text; a book or other document in electronic form, usually simple ASCII text.
· Ethernet. A system by which computer may be connected to one another to exchange information and messages.
· FAQ. Frequently asked question. A menu option named FAQ or Frequently Asked Questions will lead you to a document that answers common questions. You may also find text files named FAQ.
· Flame. An abusive newsgroup message.
· Freeware. Software provided free by its originator. Not the same as public domain software, as the author retain copyright.
· FTP. File Transfer Protocol. A protocol defining how files are transferred from one computer to another. FTP is also the name of a program used to move files. FTP can also be used as a verb (often in lowercase) to describe the procedure of using FTP. As in. “ftp to ftp. Demon.com uk,” or”I ftp’ed to their system and grabbed the file.”
· Gopher. A system using Gopher clients and servers to provide a menu system used for navigating the Internet.
· Gopher space. Anyway and everywhere you can go using Gopher is known as gopher space.
· Hypertext. A structure in which documents comprise links that allow reader to move between areas of the document, following subjects of interest in a variety of different paths. The World Wide Web is a hypertext system.
· Gateway. A system maintained by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) that lets people use e – mail to carry out FTP sessions.
· HYTELNET. A directory of telnet sites. A great way to find out what you can do on hundreds of computers around the world.
· Hotlist. A list of favorite or important links to sites, resources, and services compiled during WWW sessions using a browser such as Mosaic. The hotlist can be used for saving future usage, Like to a bookmark list used with Gopher, Lynx, or Netscape Navigator.
· Host. A computer on the Internet that allows users to communicate with other computers.
· Home page. The first screen or page spelled with small I refers to networks connected to one another. “The Internet” is an internet, but it is not the only internet.
· Hypermedia. An extension to hypertext to hypertext to include graphics and audio.
· HTML. Hypertext Markup Language. The format used for writing documents to be viewed with WWW browser. Items in the document can be text, images, sounds and links to other HTML documents or sites, and resources on the internet.
· Internet Architecture Board. The “council of elders”, elected by ISOC, who get together and figure out how the different components of the Internet will all connect together.
· Internet Engineering Task Force. A group of engineers who make technical recommendations concerning the Internet to the LAB.
· Internet Protocol. The standard protocol used by systems communicating across the Internet. Other protocols are used, but the Internet Protocol is the most important one.
· Internet Society. The society that runs the Internet. It elects the Internet Architecture Board, which decides on technical issued related to how the Internet works.
· ISO/OSI Protocols. The International Organization for Standardization Open Systems, Interconnect Protocols, a system of protocols that may someday replace the internet Protocol.
· Inter NIC. The Internet Network Information Center, this NIC, run by the National Science Foundation, provides various administrative services for the internet.
· Know bot. A program that can search the Internet for requested information. Know bots are in an experimental stage.
· Kermit. A protocol or program used to exchange (upload and download) files between computer systems. Often used to exchange files between a personal computer and another system via modem.
· LISTSERVE Lists. Mailing lists (using mail reflectors) that act as newsgroups. Messages sent to a LISTSERV address.
· Logging Off. The opposite of logging on; tells the computer that you’ve finished work and no longer need to use its services. The procedure usually involves typing a simple command, such as exit or bye.
· Logging on. Computer jargon for getting permission from a computer to use its services. A “login” procedure usually involves typing a user name (also known as and count name or user ID) and a password. The procedure makes sure that only authorized people can use the computer. Also known as logging in.
· Login. The procedure of logging on.
· Lurker. Someone involved in lurking.
· Lurking. Reading newsgroup or LISTSERV messages without responding to them. Nobody knows you are there.
· MIME. Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, a system that lets you send computer files as e – mail.
· Modem. A device that converts digital signals from your computer into analog signals for transmission through a phone line (modulation), and converts the phone line “ analog signals into digital signals your computer can use (demodulation).
· Navigator. A program that helps you “navigate” your way around a complicated BBS. Several navigator programs are available for CompuServe, for instance, Navigators can save your money by letting you prepare for many operations (such as writing email) offline, and then go – online quickly to perform the operations automatically, Internet navigators are currently in the developmental stage, and not in wide use.
· Newsgroup. A program that helps you find your way through a newsgroup’s messages.
· NFS. The Network File System, a system that allows you to work with files on a remote host as if you were working on your own host.
· Online. Connected. You are online if you are working on your computer while it is connected to another computer. Your printer is online if it connected to your computer and ready to accept data. (Online is often written on – line, through the not – hyphenated version seems to be gaining acceptance these days.)
· Packet. A collection of data.
· Packet switching. A system that breaks transmitted data into small packets and transmits each packet (or package) independently. Each packet is individually addressed, and may even travel over a route different from that of other packets. The packets are combined by the receiving computer.
· Point of presence. Jargon meaning a method of connecting to a service locally (without dialing long distance). If a service provider has a POP in, say Podunk, Ohio, people in that city can connect to the service provider by making a local call.
· Port. Generally, “port” refers to the hardware through which computer data is transmitted the plugs on the back of your computer are ports. On the Internet, “port” often often refers to a particular host. The port is actually an application.
· Posting. A message (article) sent to a newsgroup or the act of sending such a message.
· Protocol. A set of rules that defines how computers transmit information to each other, allowing different types of computers and software’s and software to communicate with each other.
· Public domain software. Software that is not owned by anyone. You can freely use and distribute such software.
· Router. A system used to transmit data between two computer systems or networks using the same protocol. For instance, a company that has a permanent connection to the Internet will use a router to connect its computer to a leased line, router is used to connect it to the service provider’s network.
· Serial line Internet protocol (SLIP). A method for connecting a computer to the Internet using a telephone line and modem. Once connected, the user has the same services provided to the user of a permanent connection.
· Server. A program or computer that services another program or computer (the client). For instance, a Gopher server program sends information from its indexes to a Gopher client program. Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· Shareware. Software that is freely distributed, but for which the author expects payment from people who decide to keep and use it.
· Shell. IN UNIX., a shell is a program that accepts commands that you type and translates them into the operating system. In DOS, a shell is a program that “”insulates”” you from the command line, proving a simple way to carry out DOS commands.
· Signature. a short piece of text transmitted with an e – mail or newsgroup message. Some systems can attach text from a file to the end of a message automatically. Signature files typically contain detailed information on how to contact someone; name and address, telephone numbers, Internet address, CompuServe ID, and so on.
· TCP/IP. Transmission control protocol/ Internet Protocol. A set of protocols (communications rules) that control how data is transferred between computers on the Internet.
· Telnet. A program that lets Internet users log into computer other their own host computer Often on the side of the world telnet is also used as a verb, as in “telnet to debr.doc.ac.”
· Telneting. Internet – speak for using telnet to access a computer on the network.
· Upload. The process of Transferring information from one computer to another. You upload a file from your computer to another. Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· USENET. The “User’s Network”. A large network connected to the internet.
· URL. Uniform Resource Locator, A way of describing the location of an item (document, service, resource) on the Internet) on the Internet and also specifying the means to access that item. Which is used mostly in Internet terms.
· Veronica. The Very Easy Rodent Oriented Net – wide Index to Computerized Archives, a very useful program for finding things in Gopher space.
· White Pages. Lists of Internet users.
· Wide Area Information Server. A system that can search databases on the Internet for information in which you are interested.
· World Wide Web. A hypertext system that allows users to “travel through” linked documents, following any chosen route. World Wide Web documents contains topics that, when selected, lead to other documents.